31 Jan 2019Posted By: Mudit Handa

MCA issues eForm INC-20A for Commencement of Business Certificate

All the companies are governed under the Companies Act 2013. Undoubtedly, the government repeatedly amends the provisions to the act in order to rule out complexities and introduce necessary changes.

From time to time, the government makes alterations to the laws as per the current situation.

Recently, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs has re-introduced the necessity for issuing the certificate of commencement of business. All companies that have been undergone the company incorporation after 2nd November 2018 have to file the eFORM INC-20A so as to obtain the Commencement of Business Certificate.


#1. What is eFORM INC-20A?

Recently, the Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018 was passed. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has directed that-

  • All the companies that were registered after the Companies (Amendment) Ordinance, 2018 was passed and
  • Holding a share capital are required to file the obtain eFORM INC-20A.
  • Now, the Companies (Amendment) Ordinance 2018 was passed on 2nd November 2018. Hence, all those companies that have undergone company formation, and are incorporated after November 2018 shall file the eFORM INC-20A to obtain Commencement of Business Certificate.
  • This online form is for obtaining the certificate of commencement of business. It has to be filed by all the specified companies before they commence any business or exercise any borrowing powers.


#2. What is the Time limit for filing FORM INC-20A on MCA?

  • The MCA has stated that the eFORM INC-20A shall be filled for the declaration of commencement of business within 180 days from the very date of obtaining Certificate of Incorporation (CoI).
  • For example, a company has obtained CoI and has completed the company formation process on 2nd November 2018, it has to file eFORM INC-20A latest by 2nd May 2019.


#3. How much is the Penalty for Not filing FORM INC-20A on MCA?

The MCA has imposed different penalties on the Company as well as its Directors, in case of Non-filing of eFORM INC-20A. These have been given below-


Amount (in ₹)

Penalty Levied on the Company


Penalty Levied on the Company Directors

1000 per day


#4. What is the maximum penalty for Not filing eFORM INC-20A?

The maximum penalty prescribed for Not filing of eFORM INC-20A till the expiration of 180 days from the date of company formation is ₹ 1 lakhs.


#5. What are the disadvantages of Not filing eFORM INC-20A?

If a company does not file eFORM INC-20A-

  • It cannot commence its business.
  • It cannot borrow any funds.
  • Besides, the Company is liable to be closed down by Registrar of Companies.
  • As a result, the name of such company shall be removed from the Register of Companies.


#6. What are the Documents required for filing eForm INC-20A?

Given below are Documents required for filing eForm 20A:

  • Certificate of Incorporation (CoI).
  • Subscribers proof of payment for valuation of shares: This can be a Bank Statement along with the Board Resolution.

However, in the case of Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC), a Certificate of Registration issued by the RBI is also required.


#7. What is the Additional fee for late filing of eForm INC-20A?

The Additional fee for late filing eForm 20A is given below-

Period of delay

Additional Fee

30 days

2 times the normal fee

Beyond 30 days up to 60 days

4 times the normal fee

Beyond 60 days up to 90 days

6 times the normal fee

Beyond 90 days up to 180 days

10 times the normal fee

Beyond 180 days

12 times the normal fee


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Posted By kamran
Posted Date 2019-02-02 06:45:55

what will be the charges for Commencement of Business Certificate

Posted By Rajiv Jalan
Posted Date 2019-07-26 15:40:51

On filing for the Commencement of Business Certificate, does the MCA issue a Certificate like Certificate of Incorporation? Is it a proper certificate been issued by the MCA?

Posted By Mudit Handa
Posted Date 2019-07-29 18:16:21

You are mistaken.... MCA doesn't issue a CoI upon filing CoB. In fact, CoI is one of the documents req'd for filing CoB in Form INC-20A

Posted Date 2019-08-02 12:11:00

Will MCA issue Commencement of Business certificate after filing form 20A?

Posted By Mudit Handa
Posted Date 2019-08-05 11:39:18

Yes, CoB will be issued after filing INC-20A. But, INC-20A has to be filed within 180 days of obtaining CoI.

Posted By Namrata Bafna
Posted Date 2019-09-21 13:34:03

does a startup company also need to file form 20a

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